Compaction Equipment

Compaction equipment is a compression tool used on various types of material on a construction site, roadway or landfill project. It can also be used to compact and dispose waste or compress loose soil before starting the actual construction project.

However, this equipment is most commonly used to compress loose soil. Therefore, your equipment selection for a more effective job should be based on the type of soil that you are working with. You should understand that all soil types are not the same. They vary and have distinctive characteristics. You have to categorize the soil material according to the grain size.

There are three primary soil categories to consider when selecting the most suitable tool:

  • Granular
  • Organic
  • Cohesive
  • Semi-cohesive

For the cohesive type of soil, the grain is smaller in size and very tightly bound so it requires less force from your selected equipment. In contrast, the granular type of soil has large grains and is more spaced out so you will need a more forcible equipment to get the job done.
There are different types of compaction equipment and these include:

  • Rollers
  • Sheep’s Foot
  • Vibratory Plate
  • Forward Plate
  • Rammers or Jumping Jack Tamps
  • Reverse Plate

The Tandem Vibratory Roller is used for:

  • Driveways
  • Parking Lots
  • Municipal Work
  • Sidewalks
  • City Streets
  • Secondary Roads
  • Backfill
  • Trench
  • Edges
  • Building Foundations
    • Rammer

      This equipment is used by many contractors. It is high powered and the most effective on cohesive types of soil. Its frequency range is approximately 500 – 700 blows for each minute and offers a high level of condensation. It usually has a small diesel engine and used in 3 compaction procedures that include kneading, vibration and impact.

      Forward Plate

      The Forward Plate is high in frequency and low in amplitude. It is generally used on granular soils and works with a gasoline powered engine that operates at a very high speed and force. Its frequency range is approximately 2500 – 6000 vibrations for each minute.

      Reverse Plate

      The Reverse Plate is fitted with two eccentric plates. This allows for an even transition between the forward and reversible travel to result in an increase in force because of the combination of the two eccentric weights. This tool is used to work on semi-cohesive soil types because of its weight and forcefulness. In contrast, this machine is different from the forward plate because it can be stopped during the course of its operation for spot compaction.


      There are several types of Rollers that are primarily used to compress the soil on road construction. The most common ones used are the ride-on and walk-behind rollers.


      For the most successful compaction, it is highly suggested that you examine the soil and get the most suitable equipment for the specific type of soil that you are working on. It is recommended that you select the largest machine and the general selection is a 50,000 pound machine, which is able to handle as much as 500 tons each day. For a larger machine such as an 80,000 pound machine, it can handle up to 1250 tons each day.

      Compaction equipment can be reasonably priced if you purchase from a reputable company. You also have the option to rent one or more of this equipment to save on cost and to work it into your budget more effectively..